||Douglas-Fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii)
||Also known as Douglas spruce, coast Douglas-fir, Douglas yew, blue Douglas-fir, Oregon pine, red fir, and red spruce.
||Grows in western United States and Canada; introduced to UK, Australia, and New Zealand.
||Generally straight, sometimes wavy grained with a medium to fairly coarse texture. Yellowish to orange-red heartwood and whitish to reddish white sapwood. Typically free of knots.
||Quite variable in terms of color, weight, strength and working properties but frequently of average weight with moderate to high strength, moderate shock resistance, and high stiffness. Somewhat brittle and susceptible to splitting (poor for steam bending).
||Works fairly easily by machine but requires sharp hand tools. Good turning properties. Glues, screws, and nails satisfactorily. Stains and varnishes easily but takes paint poorly.
||Plywood, paneling, trim, cooperage, tanks, ship knees, silos, studs, joists, laminated beams and arches, boxes, crates, pallets, and flooring.
||One of the most important woods in the world for construction plywood.