||European Birch (Betula pendula)
||Also known as birch, silver birch, warty birch.
||Grows throughout Europe. Typically sold according to country of origin, as in Finnish birch.
||Straight grained and fine textured with creamy white to pale brown wood (no demarcation between heartwood and sapwood).
||Fairly heavy with moderate strength, stiffness, stability, and shock resistance properties. Steam bending often impacted by knots and irregular grain.
||Works easily although wood tends to be woolly – reduced cutter angle often recommended. Requires pre-drilling for screwing or nailing. Glues, stains, and finishes quite well. An excellent turnery wood.
||Also used for bobbins, spools, dowels, miscellaneous woodenware, brushes, brooms, framing, interior joinery, furniture, and veneer. The primary material for birch plywood in Finland and Russia.