||European Elm (Ulmus spp.)
||Includes English elm, smooth-leaved (French or Flemish) elm, Dutch elm and wych or Scotch elm.
||Occurs in temperate regions of Europe and western Asia.
||Typically cross grained with dull brown heartwood (often with reddish tinge) and pale sapwood.
||Moderately heavy and hard with low stiffness, shock resistance and bending strength. Steam-bends very well. Low decay resistance and medium movement in use.
||Can be difficult to work in that wild grain can tear or cause binding. Glues, screws, nails and finishes satisfactorily.
||Used for flooring, farm implements, chair seats, bent parts, ship building, sports equipment, turned items, cabinets, caskets, decorative veneers, paneling and chopping blocks.