||European Hornbeam (Carpinus betulus)
||Also known as hornbeam, avenbok, haagbeuk, vitbok.
||Grows in Europe and Asia Minor.
||Usually irregular or cross grained with a fine even texture and dull white heartwood and sapwood marked with gray streaks.
||Heavy, hard, and tough (similar to ash) with high bending, crushing, and shear strength, medium stiffness and shock resistance, high movement in service and low decay resistance, Very resistant to splitting and steam-bends well.
||Somewhat difficult to work due to toughness. Glues, stains and finishes well.
||An excellent turnery wood, often used for drum sticks, billiard cue butts, skittles, and brushbacks. Also used for flooring (due to high wear resistance), musical instrument parts, pulleys, cogs, mallets, wooden pegs, and veneer.