European Hornbeam

Name European Hornbeam (Carpinus betulus)
Type Hardwood.
Other Names Also known as hornbeam, avenbok, haagbeuk, vitbok.
Sources Grows in Europe and Asia Minor.
Appearance Usually irregular or cross grained with a fine even texture and dull white heartwood and sapwood marked with gray streaks.
Physical Props Heavy, hard, and tough (similar to ash) with high bending, crushing, and shear strength, medium stiffness and shock resistance, high movement in service and low decay resistance, Very resistant to splitting and steam-bends well.
Working Props Somewhat difficult to work due to toughness. Glues, stains and finishes well.
Uses An excellent turnery wood, often used for drum sticks, billiard cue butts, skittles, and brushbacks. Also used for flooring (due to high wear resistance), musical instrument parts, pulleys, cogs, mallets, wooden pegs, and veneer.